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A map of the canals & rail roads of Pennsylvania and New Jersey,
and the adjoining states, 1846.

catalog record

This political map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey clearly identifies the counties of each state, using color to differentiate them. The growing railroad network is shown with a thin orange-red line, especially visible at the bottom on the Maryland portion of this map. As early as this, 1846, we can see a direct link between Washington, D.C., and New York City. A previous 19th-century owner of this map, probably a New Yorker, has handwritten faintly in pencil the names of the various New York State counties.

Pennsylvania was settled first by Swedes in 1643, along the Delaware River. In 1681-82, William Penn was granted Pennsylvania and Delaware by the English. Religious freedom, which Penn allowed in the colony attracted thousands of settlers. Philadelphia, on the Delaware River, was the major Pennsylvania urban area along the Middle Atlantic coastal region.

During the Revolution, Philadelphia was occupied by the British and there were important battles at Germantown and at Brandywine, where General Washington was defeated. His famous winter encampment was at Valley Forge.

Strong links between the two urban centers of New York City and Philadelphia, across New Jersey, were established by road, canal, and railroad connections which brought the oil and mineral wealth of Pennsylvania to the coast. Along with the Erie Canal, these links to the interior brought natural resources to the East Coast, enriching New York City.

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