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New Jersey

New Jersey, ca. 1702.
catalog record

This is just one plate from John Thornton’s massive atlas of maritime charts covering the entire nautical world. On this copper-engraved early English nautical chart includes soundings in New York harbor, Delaware Bay, and off shore. The diagonal lines are early colonial boundaries. The beautiful hand-colored outline and wash coloring is original.

North and South New Jersey (or East and West Jersey in colonial times) have always differed in some respect—geographically, politically. The northern areas were settled by the Dutch, and had a commercial focus strongly oriented toward the New York City market. The southern part of the state was settled by Swedes along the Delaware, and was a more rural farm-based economy linked to Philadelphia markets. The Dutch eventually took over the Swedish colonies, and those were subsequently taken by the English. The royal province of New Jersey was established by the English in 1702. During the American Revolution, New Jersey was a crossroads of conflict with action at Trenton, Princeton, and Monmouth. At one point, Morristown was a headquarters for General Washington.


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