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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

  Russia Events
Russia Symbol The June Coup (June 28, 1762)
Russia Symbol Red Convocation of the Legislative Commission (1767)
Russia Symbol Pugachev Rebellion (1773–74)
Russia Symbol Charter of the Towns (1785)
Russia Symbol Founding of the Smolnyi Institute
  World Events
World Symbol
The French Revolution Begins, 1789
World Symbol Revolt on the Island of Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti), 1791
World Symbol
The French Expedition to Egypt, 1798–99
World Symbol
The French Civil Code Is Issued, 1804

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.




In a measure that epitomized the spirit of the Enlightenment, Catherine convened the Legislative Commission, whose mission was to draw up a new code of laws. Except for 28 appointed members, the 564 delegates were elected from among the ranks of nobility, townsmen, state peasants, Cossacks, and national minorities. The empress’s instructions, or Nakaz, to the delegates were so filled with liberal ideas, such as liberty and equality, that they were forbidden publication in France. While the commission provided much-needed information on the state of the empire, it failed to produce a code of laws, its original purpose, since its work was cut short by the war with Turkey in 1768.