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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

  Russia Events
Russia Symbol The June Coup (June 28, 1762)
Russia Symbol Red Convocation of the Legislative Commission (1767)
Russia Symbol Pugachev Rebellion (1773–74)
Russia Symbol Charter of the Towns (1785)
Russia Symbol Founding of the Smolnyi Institute
  World Events
World Symbol
The French Revolution Begins, 1789
World Symbol
Revolt on the Island of Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti), 1791
World Symbol
The French Expedition to Egypt, 1798–99
World Symbol
The French Civil Code Is Issued, 1804

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.




Dissatisfaction was rife in southern Russia: the Turkish War caused heavy taxation and increased military recruitment; the conditions in factories were horrendous; free peasants worried about the encroachments of serfdom; Cossacks resented the encroachments of the state on their way of life; Old Believers wanted freedom from discrimination. Emil'ian Pugachev (ca. 1742–1775) started an uprising of the disgruntled population. He declared himself the dead Peter III (r. 1761–62), established a court, and began issuing decrees that called for the extermination of landlords and officials along with the end of taxation, military service, and serfdom. All of South Russia went up in flames, but the rebellion fell at the hands of Catherine's better-organized army.