This website is part of The New York Public Library's Online Exhibition Archive. For current classes, programs, and exhibitions, please visit
Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

The Age of Catherine the Great: A Summary of Russian History
Russia Symbol Introduction
Russia Symbol The Husband
Russia Symbol The Enlightened Absolutist Monarch
Russia Symbol Catherine's Foreign Policy
Russia Symbol Paul I
The Age of Catherine the Great: A Summary of World History
The Americas

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



   Russian “Eroticism” in Word and Image

   Photographic Services & Permissions
  Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin (1743–1816)
Anakreonticheskiia pesni [Anacreontic Songs]
St. Petersburg: [Shnor], 1804
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

Gavriil Derzhavin not only transfigured the Russian panegyric ode, eventually causing its demise, but also transformed the Anacreontic ode – a light poem about love and the enjoyment of life named for Anacreon, a semi-legendary lyric poet of fifth-century B.C.E. Greece. Odes had acquired a somewhat moralistic tone in Russian mid-18th-century practice, but Derzhavin restored their original eroticism and Epicurean character.