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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

  Russia Events
Russia Symbol Institutionalization of Serfdom
Engagement Symbol Annexation of Parts of Ukraine
Russia Symbol Reign of the Last Rurikid
Russia Symbol The Era of the False Dmitriis
Russia Symbol The Election of Mikhail Romanov
  World Events
Engagement Symbol
Tsar Aleksei Appoints the First Russian Ambassador to China (1654)
Engagement Symbol The Treaty of Westphalia (1648)
World Symbol
English Settlers Make Landfall (1620)
World Symbol Collapse of the Ming Dynasty (1644)

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



    Institutionalization of Serfdom

The development of serfdom, which was made official in Russia by the Ulozhenie [Law Code] of 1649, took place as the state began to centralize under the grand princes of Moscow. Noblemen and clergymen received land grants from the tsar in return for protecting his interests and security. Peasant labor became vital to the existence of this land-owning class. Thus, peasant migration was at first restricted to two weeks per year, and then only to the time around St. George’s Day (Iurev Den') at the end of the harvest, and then forbidden altogether. Finally, the Ulozhenie deprived the serfs of personal rights, and essentially bound them to the landowners.

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