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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

  Russia Events
Russia Symbol Institutionalization of Serfdom
Engagement Symbol Annexation of Parts of Ukraine
Russia Symbol Reign of the Last Rurikid
Russia Symbol The Era of the False Dmitriis
Russia Symbol The Election of Mikhail Romanov
  World Events
Engagement Symbol
Tsar Aleksei Appoints the First Russian Ambassador to China (1654)
Engagement Symbol The Treaty of Westphalia (1648)
World Symbol
English Settlers Make Landfall (1620)
World Symbol Collapse of the Ming Dynasty (1644)

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



    Reign of the Last Rurikid

After the death of Ivan IV, “the Terrible,” in 1584, his eldest son, Fedor, ruled Russia until his death in 1598. Fedor was kind and pious (he was called the “monk tsar”), but also physically and mentally weak. He ruled Russia with the help of able assistants, particularly his brother-in-law, Boris Godunov (r. 1598–1605). During Fedor’s reign, the Russian church was elevated to a Patriarchate, making it one of the most important centers of Orthodoxy in the world. Under the pretense of protecting Georgia from Muslim invaders, Russia annexed the kingdom; territory was also won from Sweden. Both these foreign policy ventures set the stage for conflicts into the 18th century. Fedor died childless, thus ending the Rurikid dynasty, which had begun in the 9th century.

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