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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

  Russia Events
Russia Symbol Institutionalization of Serfdom
Engagement Symbol Annexation of Parts of Ukraine
Russia Symbol Reign of the Last Rurikid
Russia Symbol The Era of the False Dmitriis
Russia Symbol The Election of Mikhail Romanov
  World Events
Engagement Symbol
Tsar Aleksei Appoints the First Russian Ambassador to China (1654)
Engagement Symbol The Treaty of Westphalia (1648)
World Symbol
English Settlers Make Landfall (1620)
World Symbol
Collapse of the Ming Dynasty (1644)

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



     Annexation of Parts of Ukraine

Since the mid-16th century, portions of what is today Ukraine found themselves under Polish rule, and social and religious antagonisms grew in strength. A set of uprisings turned into the 1648 Ukrainian War of Liberation led by the Cossack hero Bohdan Khmel'nytskyi (ca. 1594–1657). By 1654, the Orthodox Ukrainians faced a choice among being subject to Catholic Poland, being allied with Muslim Turkey, or seeking the protection of their co-religionists in Moscow. At Pereiaslav, the assembly (rada) swore allegiance to the Russian tsar. Russia’s concurrent war with Poland ended in 1667 with the Treaty of Andrusovo, which divided Ukraine along the Dniepr (in Ukrainian, Dnipro) River, with Kiev and the left bank going to Russia. The clergy of Ukraine, educated along Catholic lines, played a major role in introducing western European ideas into Muscovy.

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