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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)

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World Symbol A Muscovite Embassy from Ivan the Terrible to the Holy Roman Emperor, 1574

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



 World Symbol    A Muscovite Embassy from Ivan the Terrible to the Holy Roman Emperor, 1574

Dmitrii Aleksandrovich Rovinskii (1824–1895)
Dostovernye portrety moskovskikh gosudarei Ivana III, Vasilia Ivanovicha, i Ivana IV [Authentic Portraits of the Muscovite Rulers Ivan III, Vasilii Ivanovich, and Ivan IV]
St. Petersburg: Izd-vo Zagatovlenniia bumag, 1882
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

Shown here is the embassy – in colorful and exotic Muscovite caftans and hats – sent by Ivan the Terrible (r. 1533–84) to the court of the Holy Roman Emperor Maxmilian II (r. 1564–76). Several members of the embassy clutch bunches of neatly arrayed furs as diplomatic gifts.