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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


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Peter the Great, Reforming Tsar
Aleksandr Menshikov
Empress Elizabeth
Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary, and Queen of Bohemia

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
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  Russians Educated in the Ways of Sin

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After Ivan Andreevich Tessing (Jan Tessing) (d. 1701)
Zertsalo greshnago [A Mirror for the Sinner]
[Russia, late 18th–early 19th century]
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

This woodblock print, based on an earlier original by the Dutch engraver and printer Jan Tessing, suggests the cultural divide between Russia’s europeanized elites and the broader society. On one side of the print, shown here, are figures in luxurious European dress representing Adam and Eve and original sin. On the reverse are images from the life of man, depicting good and evil, death, the brevity of life, and the suffering of the sinner. Printed on a single sheet of cheap paper and folded into a small book, such edifying graphics were distributed far and wide in the provinces and cities by itinerant peddlers.