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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

Peter the Great, Reforming Tsar
Aleksandr Menshikov
Empress Elizabeth
Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary, and Queen of Bohemia

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.


  Peter's Daughter Ascends the Throne
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

The daughter of Peter the Great (r. 1682–1725) and Catherine I (r. 1725–27), Elizabeth, when young, had little interest in ruling and preferred dancing, dressing up, and flirting. But by 1741, at the age of thirty-three, Elizabeth was threatened by Regent Anna (1718–46) with banishment to a convent, and Russians felt threatened by the Germanization of the court and dynasty during the reign of the infant Ivan VI (r. 1740–41). Elizabeth easily overthrew “the foreigners,” promising to restore the reforming policies of her mother and father. Her reign (1741–61) witnessed the continued europeanization of the court and culture, in particular with the emulation of French styles, language, and literary genres.



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