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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

  Russia Events
Russia Symbol Revolt of the Musketeers (Strel’tsy)
Engagement Symbol The Battle of Poltava—Peter's Decisive Battle
Russia Symbol The Creation of the Holy Synod
Russia Symbol The Bironovshchina, Empress Anna's Reign of Terror
Engagement Symbol The Seven Years’ War (1756–63)
  World Events
World Symbol
The Spread of Free Masonry
World Symbol
Publication of the Encyclopédie
World Symbol
The Treaty of Paris
World Symbol
The Ottomans Defeated in Central Europe

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.




After the death of Fedor III (r. 1676–82), there was confusion as to who would succeed to the throne, since the Miloslavskii and Naryshkin clans competed for power. At first, the healthy ten-year-old Peter (r. 1682–1725) was acclaimed tsar with his mother, Natalia Naryshkina, acting as regent. A month later, Sofiia, in the name of her sickly sixteen-year-old brother Ivan, claimed the crown. Sofiia spread rumors that the Naryshkins planned to kill Ivan, and the strel’tsy revolted to prevent the outrage. They butchered several Naryshkins and their allies, and terrorized Peter and his mother. A unique compromise was reached: Ivan V and Peter I would reign as co-tsars, with Sofiia ruling as regent.