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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

Russia's Changing Borders, 1689, 1725, and 1796
Engagement Symbol
Russian Conquests, 1734: A German Depiction
Moscow as the Center of the Russian World
Engagement Symbol St. Petersburg, 1718: An Early German Depiction
The Dutch Depict Russia’s Northern Rivals
Mapping the Safavid Empire

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



Russia Symbol   St. Petersburg, 1718: An Early German Depiction

 Photographic Services & Permissions
Ingermanlandiae seu Ingriae Novissima Tabula [The Most Up-to-date Record of Ingermanland or Ingria]
Nuremberg: Heirs of Johann Baptist Homann, 1734
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division, Bates-Pantuhoff Collection

Ingria, a disputed territory for centuries, was annexed to Russia by Peter the Great in 1721 at the conclusion of the Great Northern War with Sweden. The region formed a protective land barrier around his new city of St. Petersburg, which we see in the tapestry at upper left, helpfully displayed by thoughtful putti. Warlike ships are on parade in this view. At the lower right, various sea nymphs pay homage to Neptune, God of the Sea.