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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)

                                     

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Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.


Russia Symbol   A Global Empireís Attention and Favor
    A Global Empireís Attention and Favor
NYPL, Spencer Collection

Engagement Symbol   Russian Merchant to the Americas
    Russian Merchant to the Americas
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

Russia Symbol   Catherine in Her Later Years
    Catherine in Her Later Years
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

Engagement Symbol   The Romanovís Heirs Saluted by Venice
    The Romanovís Heirs Saluted by Venice
NYPL, Spencer Collection

Engagement Symbol   The Costume of Russia’s Many Peoples, on Paper
    The Costume of Russiaís Many Peoples, on Paper
NYPL, Spencer Collection
Engagement Symbol   Mughal Splendors
    Mughal Splendors
NYPL, General Research Division
Photographic Services & Permissions
Russia Symbol  Catherine in Her Later Years

Nikolai Utkin (1780-1863) after Vladimir Borovikovskii (1757-1825)
Portrait of Catherine the Great
N.p., ca. 1800
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

This engraving of Catherine the Great by Nikolai Utkin is based on a portrait by Vladimir Borovikovskii, which was originally painted in 1794 and subsequently reworked in the first decade of the 19th century, after her death.