This website is part of The New York Public Library's Online Exhibition Archive. For current classes, programs, and exhibitions, please visit
Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of Russian History
Russia Symbol Introduction
Russia Symbol In the Spirit of His Grandmother
Russia Symbol A Law-based State
Russia Symbol The Napoleonic Wars
The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of World History

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



  Russia’s New World Subjects 

  Russia’s New World Subjects 
   Photographic Services & Permissions
  Interior of a Kalosh cabin on Sitka Island, from:
Count Fedor Petrovich Litke [Luetke] (1797–1882)
Voyage autour du monde … dans les années 1826, 1827, 1828 et 1829 [A Voyage Around the World … in the Years 1826, 1827, 1828, and 1829]
Paris: Firmin Didot frères, 1835–36
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

Fedor Litke’s circumnavigation of the globe on the sloop Seniavin was notable for its scientific and geographical discoveries, as well as for descriptions of native peoples and their ways of life. The Kaloshes of Sitka Island (Alaska) were of particular interest to Litke and to the naturalists Aleksandr Postels (1801–1871) and Friedrich Heinrich von Kittlitz (1799–1874), who provided the illustrations. In his caption for this interior scene, Kittlitz explains that the “solidity and elegance” of the yurt dwelling reflected the influence of the nearby Russian colony.