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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of Russian History
Russia Symbol Introduction
Russia Symbol In the Spirit of His Grandmother
Russia Symbol A Law-based State
Russia Symbol The Napoleonic Wars
The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of World History

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.


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  Count Fedor Petrovich Tolstoi (1783–1873
Sobranie reznykh izobrazhenii s medalei [A Collection of Images Engraved from Medals]
St. Petersburg: V. Plavil’shchikov, 1818
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

This design for a medal commemorates both the triumph of Russia over Napoleon and the victor’s European “civility.” Here, the Russian conqueror, his vanquished foes littering the field behind him, offers a symbol of peace to the kneeling personification of the subjugated city of Paris. The encircling caption suggests that justice has been done, as “The Fire of Moscow will be extinguished in the walls of Paris.”