This website is part of The New York Public Library's Online Exhibition Archive. For current classes, programs, and exhibitions, please visit
Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

Peasant Revolts
Church Schism (Raskol)
Origins of the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



Russia Symbol  Patriarch Nikon

Photographic Services &Permissions                   

Patriarch Nikon
Portrety, gerby i pechati Bol'shoi gosudarstvennyi knigi of 1672 g. [Portraits, Coats of Arms and Official Seals in the Great State Book of 1672]
St. Petersburg: Izd-vo Peterburgskoi arkheologicheskago instituta, 1903
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division