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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of Russian History
Russia Symbol Introduction
Russia Symbol In the Spirit of His Grandmother
Russia Symbol A Law-based State
Russia Symbol The Napoleonic Wars
The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of World History

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



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  Stepan Filippovich Galaktionov (1779–1854)
Lithograph depicting Emperor Alexander I
[Russia], 1827
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

This lithograph, rich in imagery, shows Emperor Alexander I (r. 1801–25) slightly bowed by the weight of his responsibilities, particularly the defeat of Napoleon’s armies. He walks toward the west, into the stiff winds blowing off the Gulf of Finland. In the background rises the Peter and Paul Fortress, whose spired cathedral contains the crypts of his predecessors. Stepan Galaktionov was one of the principal Russian artists and lithographers of the early 19th century