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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of Russian History
Russia Symbol Introduction
Russia Symbol In the Spirit of His Grandmother
Russia Symbol A Law-based State
Russia Symbol The Napoleonic Wars
The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of World History

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



   Site of Napoleon's Final Exile

  Site of Napoleon's Final Exile
   Photographic Services & Permissions
Ivan Fedorovich Kruzenshtern (1770–1846), also known as Adam Johann von Krusenstern
Puteshestvie vokrug sveta v 1803, 4, 5 i 1806 godakh [Voyage Round the World in 1803, 1804, 1805 & 1806]
St. Petersburg: Morskaia Tipografiia, 1809–13
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

The first Russian circumnavigation of the world was organized and led by Adam Johann von Krusenstern, a Baltic German nobleman from the province of Estland (present-day Estonia). His ship reached the Pacific by sailing southward on the Atlantic and around Cape Horn, and returned across the Indian Ocean and around the Cape of Good Hope to the Atlantic. He described for his Russian readers his principal ports of call, among them St. Helena, where he stopped on his return. He found the island a safe port where he could easily obtain supplies. “Every kind of provision may be obtained here, particularly the best kinds of garden-stuffs…. Porter and wine, especially madeira, were in great abundance, as well as all sorts of ship provisions, such as salt meat, peas, butter, and even naval stores.” Located 1,200 miles off the southwest coast of Africa, St. Helena later served as Napoleon's remote home for the last years of his life.