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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of Russian History
Russia Symbol Introduction
Russia Symbol In the Spirit of His Grandmother
Russia Symbol A Law-based State
Russia Symbol The Napoleonic Wars
The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of World History

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



   Russians on the Chinese Border

  Russians on the Chinese Border
   Photographic Services & Permissions
  Andrei Efimovich Martynov (1768–1826)
Zhivopisnoe puteshestvie ot Moskvy do kitaiskoi granitsy [A Picturesque Journey from Moscow to the Chinese Border]
St. Petersburg: Aleksandr Pliushar, 1819
NYPL, Slavic and Baltic Division

Andrei Martynov accompanied the embassy of Count Iurii Golovkin (1763–1846) to the Chinese court in 1805. Traveling from Moscow to present-day Ulan-Bator in Mongolia, Martynov made many watercolor and gouache sketches of locations throughout Russia, the Urals, Siberia, and the frontier with China. This hand-colored engraving depicts a temple in the inner recesses of Maimaicheng, a Chinese border town that carried on an active trade with Russia.