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Russia Engages the World, 1453-1825
1453 Through the Reign of Ivan the Terrible (1533-1584) The Time of Troubles to the First Romanovs (1598-1682) Peter the Great and His Legacy (1682-1762) The Age of Catherine the Great (1762-1801) The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825)


Explore this Section:

The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of Russian History
Russia Symbol Introduction
Russia Symbol In the Spirit of His Grandmother
Russia Symbol A Law-based State
Russia Symbol The Napoleonic Wars
The Reign of Emperor Alexander I (1801-1825): A Summary of World History

Russia's Globalization:
A Key

Events marked Russia Symbol are specific to Muscovy/Russia's internal development.
Those marked World Symbol are important world historical or cultural events.
Engagement Symbol indicates specific points of sociocultural or military engagement between Muscovy/Russia and foreign powers or individuals.



   Russians Visit the South Pacific
  Russians Visit the South Pacific
   Photographic Services & Permissions
  Georg Heinrich von Langsdorff (1774–1852)
Voyages and Travels in Various Parts of the World, during the years 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, and 1807
London: H. Colburn, 1813–1814
NYPL, General Research Division

A physician and naturalist, Georg Heinrich von Langsdorff left the University of Göttingen to join the first Russian circumnavigation of the world, organized and led by Adam Johann von Krusenstern (in Russian, Ivan Fedorovich Kruzenshtern, 1770–1846), a Baltic German nobleman from the province of Estland (present-day Estonia). Like other explorers, von Langsdorff was struck by the practice of tattooing, which was widespread in the South Sea islands. He regarded tattooing as a substitute for clothing, and the complex symmetrical tattoos as the natives’ counterpart to expensive clothing in Europe.